A study on factors affecting infant feeding practices of mothers in the philippines

Received Feb 12; Accepted Aug This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Inadequate nutrition during the first two years of life may lead to childhood morbidity and mortality, as well as inadequate brain development. Infants are at increased risk of malnutrition by six months, when breast milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet their nutritional requirements.

A study on factors affecting infant feeding practices of mothers in the philippines

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Therefore, programs to promote adequate nutrition for age can help reduce mortality from these disease conditions and indispensible to achievement of MDG 4.

Aim To describe the feeding practices of infants below six months of age and determine maternal socio-demographic factors that influences the practice of exclusive breastfeeding EBF among mothers in Nnewi, south-east Nigeria. Methods Four hundred mother-infant pairs attending the infant welfare clinic of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University teaching hospital NAUTH during were consecutively recruited after meeting the study inclusion criteria.

Exclusive breastfeeding was defined as infant feeding with only breast milk. Positive attitude towards EBF practice was shown by many EBF practice decreased with increasing infant age, OR 0.

Maternal education, socioeconomic class, mode of delivery and infants first feed were retained as important maternal predictors of EBF practice after adjustment for confounders. Conclusion Knowledge and awareness does not translate to practice of EBF.

More effort by health workers and policy makers should be directed to mothers along the fault lines to encourage the practice of EBF.

A study on factors affecting infant feeding practices of mothers in the philippines

Exclusive breastfeeding, Infant feeding practice Background Despite some improvements in child mortality rate in Africa, neonatal mortality has largely remained the same or worsened in many countries. Inneonatal mortality accounted for almost 40 per cent of estimated 9.

A study on the factors affecting the infant feeding practices of mothers in Las Piñas City.

Efforts to promote modest nutritional improvements such as changes in feeding behaviour will have a beneficial impact on mortality rates over time.

Feeding practices adopted by mothers depends on the knowledge, attitude, socio-cultural tradition they are exposed to [ 2 ]. Some studies in Nigeria have shown that mothers who delivered in a health institution designated as baby friendly are more likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding EBF and breastfeed their infants for a longer time [ 45 ].

However none of these studies had explored in details the different feeding options and why mothers adopt the infant feeding practices they do. This study therefore tries to investigate the infant feeding practices, factors that influence the practice of EBF and reasons why mothers adopt these infant feeding methods in Nnewi in South-East Nigeria.

The findings of this study will help inform policies targeted at behaviours among mothers that seek to enhance the practice of the lifesaving EBF in Nigeria and other developing countries where infant mortality rate is still unacceptably high.

It is the second largest town in Anambra State, southeast Nigeria. Majority of the inhabitants are Igbo by tribe and Christianity is by far the dominant religion. NAUTH is the only tertiary health institution in Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria providing health services to a catchment population of about 25, as at with an average annual growth rate of 3.

It serves the entire state and also the neighbouring communities from the surrounding states of Enugu, Delta, Abia, Ebonyi, Kogi and Imo. The hospital maintains an Infant Welfare Clinic which runs three times in a week and is run by trained nursing staff.

On average the centre attends to 30—40 mother-infant dyads on each clinic day. The clinic provides mainly free routine immunization services. Other services rendered include growth monitoring, and counseling in diverse aspects of child survival strategies.

The mother-infant dyads that fulfilled the study inclusion criteria were consecutively enrolled. The inclusion criteria includes: Data collection Data collection was done by the 4 of the 6 principal researchers and two research assistants interns who are qualified medical doctors.

They were trained in the art of interviewing the mothers, desired clinical examination and the protocol of referral. The researchers often randomly went back to interview the mothers for quality control checks.

These were all geared towards ensuring that study criteria were well applied. Before data collection mothers were assured that refusal to participate in the study will in no way affect the welfare services for their infants.

Interview was done before receiving services in majority of the study participants because of the long queue and waiting time usually present in the infant welfare clinic. Information was collected regarding parental place of origin and domicile, maternal age, marital status, educational attainment and occupation.

Prior to enrolment of any mother-infant dyad, specific enquiries on the elements of the exclusion criteria were made including the HIV status. HIV status of mother-infant dyad whose birth was registered in NAUTH was obtained from the hospital records for mothers who gave consent to participate in the study.

For mothers who gave birth outside the hospital without documented evidence on their HIV status, this information was obtained by mothers recalling the results of HIV if done during pregnancy. For mothers who did not do the HIV testing during pregnancy of index infant or those who cannot recall if HIV was done during pregnancy or those who were cannot recall the result of the HIV screen or those not sure of their status, were all excluded from the study.

Outcome variable The outcome variable is the proportion of mothers who exclusively breastfed i. This was categorized into i Yes for mothers who practised exclusive breastfeeding and ii No for mother that did not practice exclusive breastfeeding.

Table 1 WHO definition of selected feeding practices Infant-feeding IF option What this type of IF requires infants to receive What this type of IF allows infants to receive What this type of IF does not allow infants to receive Exclusive breastfeeding EBF Breast milk including milk expressed or from a wet nurse Oral rehydration solution ORSDrops or syrups vitamins, minerals, medicines Anything else Predominant breastfeeding PBF Breast milk including milk expressed or from a wet nurse as the predominant source of nourishment Liquids water and water based drinks, fruit juices, ORSritual fluids and drops or syrups vitamins, minerals, medicines Anything else in particular, non-human milk, food-based fluids Breastfeeding with complementary foods CBF Breast milk including milk expressed or from a wet nurse and solid or semi solid foods Anything else:susceptibility factors.

The mother's primary interest is the health and well-being of her family and her infant. The mother must make her choices subject to the constraints on her time and income and her perception of how feeding . qualitative study of infant feeding practice, beliefs, and perceptions in mothers of mexican heritage in northwest ohio sabrina c.

pardo a thesis. This research is generally about breastfeeding: its benefits and significance to infant nutrition and factors that makes impact on breastfeeding; the practices in the Philippines that affect breastfeeding; and analyses by organizations concerned in breastfeeding. qualitative study of infant feeding practice, beliefs, and perceptions in mothers of mexican heritage in northwest ohio sabrina c.

A study on factors affecting infant feeding practices of mothers in the philippines

pardo a thesis. Factors associated with nutritional status of infants and young children in Somali Region, Ethiopia: a cross- sectional study and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have advocated for increased commitment to appropriate feeding practices for all infants and young children in order to In the present study the associated factors of.

Based on the results of the study, the educational attainment, work status, marital status, and seminars in the barangay the respondents are part of, about breastfeeding, are the significant factors that affect the infant feeding decision of mothers in Las Pinas City.

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