An Introduction to the Past American Nursing:
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to compare health care systems in three highly advanced industrialized countries: The first part of the research paper will focus on the description of health care systems in the above-mentioned countries while the second part will analyze, evaluate and compare the three systems regarding equity and efficiency.
Finally, an overview of recent changes and proposed future reforms in these countries will be provided as well. We start by providing a general description and comparison of the structure of health care systems in Canada, Germany and the United States.
Health insurance coverage is universal. General taxes finance NHI through a single payer system only one third-party payer is responsible for paying health care providers for medical services. Consumer co-payments are negligible and physician choice is unlimited.
Production of health care services is private; physicians receive payments on a negotiated fee for service and hospitals receive global budget payments Method used by third party payers to control medical care costs by establishing total expenditure limits for medical services over a specified period of time.
Most of the population lives within miles of the United States border. From the American point of view, Canada provides a good comparison and contrast in terms of the structure of its health care systems. The Canadian health care system began to take on its current form when the province of Saskatchewan set up a hospitalization plan immediately after WWII.
The rural, low—income province was plagued by shortages of both hospital beds and medical practitioners. The main feature of this plan was the creation of the regional system of hospitals: Inthe federal parliament enacted the Hospital and Diagnostic Services Act laying the groundwork for a nationwide system of hospital insurance.
By all ten provinces and the two territories had hospital insurance plans of their own with the federal government paying one half of the costs. Since the health care system has moved in different directions. While Canada has had publicly funded national health insurance, the United States has relied largely on private financing and delivery.
During this period, spending in the United States has grown much more rapidly despite large groups that either uninsured or minimally insured. The provisions of the Canada Health Act define the health care delivery system as it currently operates. Under the Act, each provincial health plan is administered at the provincial level and provides comprehensive first dollar coverage of all medically necessary services.
With minor exceptions, health coverage is available to all residents with no out of pocket charges. Most physicians are paid on a fee for service basis and enjoy a great deal of practice autonomy.Overview of the U.S.
Health Care System Written by Kao-Ping Chua AMSA Jack Rutledge Fellow February 10, INTRODUCTION The U.S. health . This course is intended to provide an overview of the American Health System as it has developed during the past century.
Students are expected to achieve a basic understanding of the building blocks in anticipation of a future careers and employment in the health care industry of the United States.
"An extremely valuable introduction to the health care system in the United States." -- Barry S. Levy, MD, MPH, Department of Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, praise for the previous edition/5(5). Healthcare System INTRODUCTION Discuss the differences in performance between the U.S.
health-care system and an average healthcare system in the industrialized world. 4. Discuss the major issues faced by the U.S.
healthcare system. American Nurses Association (ANA), America’s Health Insurance Plans (AHIP). This tutorial introduces the structure of the U.S. health care system, how money flows within it, and an overview of different types of public and private insurance.
These videos and questions provide a clear explanation of what is and is not working within the health care system to help frame the health care reform discussion and inform clinicians and . Abstract.
Today's health care system is complex and very different from "what it used to be." This article reviews the economic factors driving the change to a managed care system, its impact on consumers, and what needs to be done in order to successfully navigate the system and advocate for further change, especially in terms of access for all.