Type of Offence Quinquennial Average Offences Recorded in Percent increase Percent increase offences recorded over QA average over crime recorded during in 1 Murder Of the various factors affecting the juvenile delinquency socio-economic conditions of the children are considered to be of most importance.
We as individuals, parents, guardians and society as a whole have a duty that children should be allowed and provided opportunity to grow up in a healthy socio-cultural environment so that they could become responsible citizens, physically fit, mentally alert and morally healthy.
It is the duty of the State to provide equal opportunities for development to all children during the period of their growth which would reduce inequality and ensure social justice. Children are expected to be obedient, respectful and have virtues and good quality in them.
However, due to various reasons certain percentage of children do not follow settled social and legal dictum. Such children are most often than not get involved in criminal behaviour which is known as juvenile delinquency or juvenile crime.
Crime by juveniles is a harsh reality in India. In recent times juveniles were found to be involved in most heinous of the crimes such as murder and gang rape.
Many experts believe that the present law is inadequate to deal with the situation and we need changes in it so that for heinous crimes juveniles may also be tried and punished as adults.
But there are views in opposition as well which do not subscribe to this view. In the present article, we would try to understand who is a juvenile; crimes committed by juveniles; its reasons; laws and proposed changes by the Government in the same.
Who is a Juvenile? Juvenile means a person who is very young, teenager, adolescent or underage. In other words, juvenile means children who have not yet reached the age of adults in the sense that they are still childish or immature. Legally speaking, a juvenile can be defined as a child who has not attained a certain age at which he can be held liable for his criminal acts like an adult person under the law of the country.
Juvenile is a child who is alleged to have committed certain acts or omissions which are in violation of any law and are declared to be an offence. In terms of law, a juvenile is a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years. It has a legal significance. The term juvenile is used with reference to a young criminal offender and the term minor relates to legal capacity or majority of a person.
Juvenile Crimes in India Petty crimes in general and heinous crimes in particular are being committed regularly in India by children. Crimes such as theft, burglary, snatching which are not so serious in nature or crimes such as robbery, dacoity, murder and rape etc which are relatively serious are on the rise in whole of the country.
And the unfortunate thing is that all types of these crimes are also being committed by children below the age of 18 years. Among juveniles also there is a specific trend that juveniles between the age of 16 to 18 years are found to be more involved in heinous criminal acts.
The statistics also show the number of juveniles found to be in conflict with law under the IPC and the SLL has risen The recent inhuman gang rape of a young girl on December 16,shocked the collective conscience of the nation.
The brutality with which the heinous crime was committed was most shocking; it was later found out that among five accused, one was minor and he was the most barbaric one. Again, in another brutal gang rape case which is known as Shakti Mill Rape case, a minor was involved.
These and several more recent events have triggered a public debate that the present Juvenile Justice Care and Protection Act, which treats persons below the age of 18 years as minor or juvenile, should be amended.
Reasons for Juvenile Crimes No one is a born criminal. Circumstances make him so. Some of the most common causes which are associated with juvenile crimes are: However, as far as India is concerned, it is Poverty and the effect of media, especially the social-media which make juveniles more inclined towards criminal activities.
Poverty is one of the biggest causes which force a child to get involved in criminal acts. Also, role played by social media today which is having a more negative than positive imprints on young minds.
Others factors are also there which need greater study and analysis at a later time. Juvenile Crimes in India and Law: In India, the first legislation dealing with children in conflict with law or children committing crime was the Apprentices Act, It provided that children under the age of 15 years found to have committed petty offences will be bounded as apprentices.
Thereafter, the Reformatory Schools Act, came into effect which provided that children up to the age of 15 years sentenced to imprisonment would be sent to reformatory cell.Law-and-order conservative politicians started to criticize the juvenile justice system as too lenient, and they campaigned on stories about serious offenses going unpunished because the criminal.
Children in Conflict With Law.
Uploaded by Jayz or more than one child for every hour. • 8 out of 10 children in conflict with the law will commit only one offense in their lifetime. measures that keep minors from having brushes with the law and contact with formal justice system • Advocacy for children’s welfare in media and.
Children in conflict with law. Explore. Explore Scribd Bestsellers. Explore by Interests. Most children in conflict with the law have committed petty crimes such as DAMODARAM SANJIVAYYA NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY.
The juvenile justice system for children who commit crimes is different from the adult criminal justice system. The increase in number of juveniles of the age group years associated with various crimes including murder; attempt to commit murder; rape; kidnapping; dacoity; burglary; theft; etc., and the gang rape of a girl in Delhi had led many activists to approach the Apex Court with a petition to reduced the age of juvenile as defined in S.
2(k) of the Juvenile . Children in conflict with law: Scenario of crimes committed and justice delivery system for juveniles in India Vipul Somani Mahatma . of thefts. Overall, victims reported to law enforcement 46% of violent crimes and 36% of property crimes. Changes in the proportion of crimes re-ported may, therefore, reflect more than changes in the number of crimes actually committed.
They may also reflect changes in the willingness of victims to report crimes to law enforcement agencies.