Support Aeon Donate now As I was growing up in England in the latter half of the 20th century, the concept of intelligence loomed large. It was aspired to, debated and — most important of all — measured. At the age of 11, tens of thousands of us all around the country were ushered into desk-lined halls to take an IQ test known as the Plus.
American Revolution glossary A-K This American Revolution glossary contains definitions of key terms and concepts related to events in America between and Words from A to K. This glossary has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors.
If you would like to suggest an important term or concept for inclusion in this glossary, please contact Alpha History. Anglicanism was the state religion of Great Britain during the American Revolution. Before the Appalachians served as a natural border between the British colonies in the east and French territory to the west.
It was drafted in and formally adopted in It was eventually replaced by the United States Constitution. Atheism was an unpopular position in America at the time of the revolution. Several revolutionaries, such as Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, were accused of being atheists.
The Caucus met in taverns and its membership was comprised mainly of small businessmen and the middle class. During the revolutionary period the Caucus was led by Samuel Adams and exerted a strong influence over elections, appointments and responses to British policy. After being provoked by the crowd the soldiers opened fire, killing five civilians and wounding others.
It had a virtual monopoly on British colonial trade in India and Asia. It usually expresses strong, critical or angry political views. It was a sister theory of mercantilism. The vast majority of American colonists were Protestant Christians who feared the spread of Catholicism in North America.
Most of the British colonies in North America were founded on a royal charter, issued by the British monarch.
These charters provided authority for the formation and operation of colonial assemblies. Colonial assemblies were responsible for passing laws and raising taxes within their particular colony. They were nominally under the authority of a royal governor.
Colonies are utilised for land, labour, resources and profit. Committees of Correspondence The Committees of Correspondence were civilian groups formed in colonial America around Their main role was to monitor and report the numbers and movements of British soldiers.
Confederations are usually loose agreements that do not restrict the sovereignty or rights of their member-states. The first national government of the United States was a confederation of the 13 states.
It existed during the operation of the Articles of Confederation March to March In the context of the American Revolution it can refer to the first Continental Congressthe second Continental Congressthe Confederation Congress or the United States Congress onwards.
A constitution establishes important political branches or offices, outlines their functions and defines the extent and limits of their power. Continental Congress The Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from the 13 American colonies.
It assembled twice in Philadelphia during the American Revolution. The second Continental Congress March-May was responsible for war preparations and the passing of the Declaration of Independence. It imposed British control over paper currency in the American colonies.
The Declaratory Act had no immediate practical impact on the American colonies, however it was viewed as an ominous sign of things to come. Shows of deference in 18th colonial America included bowing, curtseying, saluting and the use of titles. Deists accepted the existence of God but they did not believe that God interfered with the human or natural worlds.
Enlightenment thinkers were driven by curiosity and undertook rational investigation into the natural and human worlds.
The Enlightenment raised questions about traditional beliefs, such as religion and monarchy.Corey Robin mentioned sexual harassment to invoke an indefensible idea that turned out to have defenders; I fear this essay does the same. The BHLs are conflicted about far simpler questions like “can you contract yourself into slavery?”, so the answer to “what manner of rights do they believe are inalienable by contract?” is “very, very close to nothing”.
Debt bondage, also known as debt slavery or bonded labour, is the pledge of a person's services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation, where the terms of the repayment are not clearly or reasonably stated, and the person who is holding the debt and thus has some control over the laborer, does not intend to ever admit that the debt has been repaid.
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Jan 19, · Chocolate’s billion-dollar industry starts with workers like Abdul on an Ivory Coast farm. Abdul is 10 years old, a three-year veteran of the job.
He has never tasted chocolate. CNN's David McKenzie travels into the heart of the Ivory Coast -- the world’s largest cocoa producer -- to investigate child slavery in the fields. Appalachians (or Appalachian Mountains) The Appalachians are a 1, mile long mountain range in eastern North America.
Before the Appalachians served as a natural border between the British colonies in the east and French territory to the west. Free Essay: Indentured servitude and the slavery system both played a major role in the development of colonial economy during the seventeenth and eighteenth.