The role of the lungs

What's something that you do all day, every day, no matter where you are or who you're with? But every single person in the world has to say d.

The role of the lungs

Lungs (Human Anatomy): Picture, Function, Definition, Conditions Cross-sectional detail of the lung Lung tissue A respiratory lobule, the functional unit of the lung The lungs are part of the lower respiratory tract, and accommodate the bronchial airways when they branch from the trachea.

It's so important to life that it happens automatically. If you didn't breathe, you couldn't live. All of this breathing couldn't happen without help from the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs.

With each breath, you take in air through your nostrils and mouth, and your lungs fill up and empty out. As air is inhaled, the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth warm and humidify the air.

Although we can't see it, the air we breathe is made up of several gases. Oxygen is the most important for keeping us alive because body cells need it for energy and growth.

The role of the lungs

Without oxygen, the body's cells would die. Carbon dioxide is the waste gas that is produced when carbon is combined with oxygen as part of the body's energy-making processes. The lungs and respiratory system allow oxygen in the air to be taken into the body, while also enabling the body to get rid of carbon dioxide in the air breathed out.

Respiration is the term for the exchange of oxygen from the environment for carbon dioxide from the body's cells.

The role of the lungs

The process of taking air into the lungs is called inhalation or inspiration, and the process of breathing it out is called exhalation or expiration. Even if the air you breathe is dirty or polluted, your respiratory system filters out foreign matter and organisms that enter through the nose and mouth.

Continue Learning about Functions of the Lungs

Pollutants are breathed or coughed out, destroyed by digestive juices, or eaten by macrophages, a type of blood cell that patrols the body looking for germs to destroy. Tiny hairs called cilia pronounced: SIL-ee-uh protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out dust and other particles that enter the nose with the breathed air.

As air is inhaled, the cilia move back and forth, pushing any foreign matter like dust either toward the nostrils, where it is blown out, or toward the pharynx, where it travels through the digestive system and out with the rest of the body's waste. What They Do The two openings of the airway the nasal cavity and the mouth meet at the pharynx pronounced: FAR-inksor throat, at the back of the nose and mouth.

Your Lungs & Respiratory System

The pharynx is part of the digestive system as well as the respiratory system because it carries both food and air. At the bottom of the pharynx, the pathway for both food and air divides in two.

One passageway is for food the esophagus, pronounced:the role of the lungs is to oxygenate the body. There are two main things that are kept in balance by the lung: The levels of oxygen and carbon .

Using video microscopy in the living mouse lung, UC San Francisco scientists have revealed that the lungs play a previously unrecognized role in blood production.

As reported online March 22, , in Nature, the researchers found that the lungs produced more than half of the platelets — blood. The lungs also play a pivotal role in speech by providing air and airflow for the creation of vocal sounds, and other paralanguage communications such as sighs and gasps.

New research suggests a role of the lungs in the production of blood platelets. Gene and protein expression About 20, The lungs are a pair of spongy, air-filled organs located on either side of the chest (thorax). The trachea (windpipe) conducts inhaled air into the lungs through its tubular branches, called.

WebMD explains how your lungs and respiratory system work by taking in air, removing oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide.

Skip to main content. The Diaphragm's Role in Breathing. The lungs are the organs that are responsible for gas exchange.

Oxygen enters the body through the trachea and down to the lungs, where blood is pumped in from the heart.

Lung - Wikipedia